Kashmir University B.Ed. Counselling 2024: Notice and Date Issued

University of Kashmir

Kashmir University has released a notification for the counselling of candidates who have applied but not yet been admitted to the B.Ed. Programme (Regular Mode) for the session 2023. Here’s everything you need to know about the Kashmir University B.Ed. Counselling 2024.

The Kashmir University B.Ed. Counselling Notice is issued for candidates who have applied but not yet been admitted to the B.Ed. Programme (Regular Mode) for the session 2023. The counselling is being conducted for admission to the programme against the available seats mentioned below:

CampusSeats AvailableCategories
Main Campus35OM: 35
RBA: 09
WUP: 01
ST: 04
OSJ: 02
South Campus23OM: 23
RBA: 03
ST: 03
OSJ: 01

The Kashmir University B.Ed. Counselling is scheduled to be held on 15th March 2024 from 10:00 a.m to 1:00 p.m.

Who is Eligible for Counselling?

Only those candidates who are figuring in the General Merit List available on the University Website are eligible for counselling. The candidates shall obtain the counselling form from the office of the College Development Council, University of Kashmir on the above-mentioned date and time.

The already selected candidates in the respective campuses, if seeking a change of campus of their choice, can also attend the counselling session.

JKSSB Patwari Syllabus PDF 2024, Download online

JKSSB Patwari Syllabus

The Jammu and Kashmir Service Selection Board has released the much awaited JKSSB Patwari Syllabus, the examination is scheduled to be held by March 2024. In the meantime you can download the Syllabus for JKSSB Patwari Examination from the PDF link Given below in this Article.

General Knowledge & Current Affairs30 Marks
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE with special reference to J&K UT20 Marks
General English20 Marks
Knowledge of computers15 Marks
Mental Ability & Reasoning15 Marks
Reading Section20 Marks
Writing Section30 Marks
Total150 Marks

Now Checkout the Syllabi released by JKSSB for the Patwari Posts below here, each heading represents the Section/Portion of the Syllabus, whereas the bullet-points represents the Topics which will be asked in the upcoming examination.

Download JKSSB Patwari Syllabus PDF

General Knowledge & Current Affairs

  • Current Events of National and International importance
  • Science & Technology.
  • Environment, Ecology & Bio-diversity
  • Indian National Movement.
  • Political & Physical divisions of world & India
  • Indian Economy.
  • Indian Culture & Heritage.
  • Climate & Crops in India
  • Transport & Communication.
  • Demography
  • Important Rivers & Lakes in India.

JKPSC Recruitment KAS/KPS 2023 – 240 Posts

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE with special reference to J&K UT

  • History, Economy, and Culture of J&K UT.
  • Geography -Weather, Climate, Crops, Soils
  • Means of Transport.
  • Flora and Fauna of J&K
  • Rivers and Lakes.
  • Important Tourist Destinations
  • J&K Reorganisation Act, 2019


  • Tenses
  • Rearranging of jumbled sentences.
  • Narration
  • Models
  • Articles
  • Comprehension with blanks to be filled in with
    • Phrases
    • Pronouns
    • Homonyms/homophones.
  • Clauses
  • Synonyms and antonyms
  • Pairs of words and their use in meaningful sentences.
  • Idioms and phrases.
  • Uses of Prepositions.
  • Active & Passive Voice

JKSSB Panchayat Secretary Document Verification PDF List

Also Check | JKSSB Forester Syllabus PDF 2023

Knowledge of Computers

  • Introduction and Objectives.
  • Basic Applications of Computer and its component.
  • Fundamentals of computer sciences.
  • Hardware & Software, Concept of Open Source Technologies.
  • Input & Output devices.
  • Knowledge of MS Word, MS Excel, MS Access, MS Powerpoint, PDF Internet, and E-mail.
  • Concept of Computer Virus and Anti-Virus.

Mental Ability & Reasoning

  • Number series.
  • Letter series.
  • Coding decoding.
  • Direction sense.
  • Blood relations.
  • Statements and conclusions.
  • Logical Reasoning.
  • Mental Reasoning.

Guidelines for checking working knowledge of UrduJKSSB Patwari Syllabi

The exam intends to check the “working knowledge of Urdu” of the candidates. The same will be tested through a Reading and a Writing test (total comprising of 50 marks in a duration of 60 Minutes), to be conducted on the same day. The candidates belonging to the ‘OM’ Category will be required to score at least 40% marks(overall) in the said exam with at least 33% marks in both Reading and Writing sections to be considered as having ‘working knowledge of Urdu’ for the purpose of this exam/qualified. The candidates belonging to other categories (except OM) are required to score at least 35% marks (overall) with at least 33% in each Section.

Reading Section – 20 Marks

Candidates would be required to answer questions each carrying one mark each out of given passages.

Writing Section for Patwari Written Test – 20 Marks

Letter writing of minimum 100 words on a particular situation.10 marks
One English passage to be translated into Urdu or Vice Versa.10 marks
One Essay of about 100 words on any topic of social relevance.10 marks


  • Part “I” will comprise Multiple Choice Objective Type Questions.
  • Part “II” (Urdu portion) will be of descriptive nature.
  • Both the parts viz Part “I” and part “II” will be compulsory
  • The candidates competing for Open Merit posts will be required to score at least 40% marks and candidates belonging to other categories (except OM) are required to score at least 35% marks with at least 33% in each part.
  • There will be negative marking (0.25 per question per the wrong answer) in
  • Part ‘I

Go thoroughly the Syllabus and start your examination preparation, remember it is not late, you can still crack this examination and can figure in the Selection list. All you need to do is to understand the requirement of examination and then go through the recently held exam question papers of all posts, such as Sub-Inspector, FAA, Assistant Compiler. with this you will be be able to understand the level and pattern they follow for any examination.

Although Syllabus for some examination is pretty different but most of the syllabus does resemble for JKSSB recruitments, taking the example of General Knowledge, Current Affairs, Reasoning, History of Jammu and Kashmir. These topics are almost familiar in all the examinations.

JKSSB Library Assistant, Librarian Syllabus PDF 2024

JKSSB Library Assistant, Librarian Syllabus PDF

Download the JKSSB Syllabus for Librarian, Photo Librarian, and Library Assistant Written Test. J&K Services Selection Board has advertised various posts
Librarian, Photo Librarian, and Library Assistant, Divisional Cadre Jammu Kashmir.

Syllabus byJKSSB
Total Units6
Total Marks120

The candidates are also intimated that there shall be negative
marking for wrong answers (-0.25 for each wrong answer) attempted in the said examination.

JKSSB Library Assistant, Librarian Syllabus PDF.

UNIT – 1 🔰 20Marks

  • Types of Libraries and their Features
  • Role of Libraries in contemporary Society
  • Five Laws of Library Sciences
  • Library legislation in India
  • Digital Library
  • Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
  • National and International Library Associations: ILA,  IASLIC,
  • National and intercalation Agencies: UNESCO, OCLC, PRRLF, UGC,

UNIT – 2 🔰 20Marks

  • Basic Terminology: call Number, Class Number, Book Number, Isolates
  • Classification; concept & purpose.
  • Types and characteristics of classification scheme.
  • ISBD, ISBN, ISSN; classification schemes.
  • Features of DDC, UDC, and CC
  • Five Fundamental Categories
  • Notation: Definition and Purpose
  • Library Catalogue; Definition and purpose
  • Cannons of Classification and Cataloguing

UNIT – 3 🔰 20Marks

  • Principles of Book Selection
  • Selection Tool; Print and Non-Print Materials
  • Processing   of   Documents;   Accessioning, Classification, Cataloguing, labelling and shelving
  • Difference between catalogue, Accession Register, bibliography and Shelf list.
  • Serials/ Journals; Selection and procurement
  • Book Transaction System: Traditional and Modern
  • Stock verification of Books; Methods and Tools
  • Weeding Process

UNIT – 4 🔰 20Marks

  • Information sources: Definition, Types, and importance;
  • Information sources- Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary.
  • Information Services: Definition and need of reference, documentation, and information services.
  • Types of Dictionaries, Encyclopaedias
  • Geographical and Biographical Sources
  • Indexing and Abstracting Sources
  • Types of Bibliographies
  • Bibliographies Sources

UNIT – 5 🔰 20Marks

  • Types of Reference service, Ready reference service, Long Rang Reference Service
  • Reference Librarian: Role Skills and Competences
  • User Education/ Information Literacy Skills
  • International   Information   System; INIS, AGRIS, MEDLARS/MEDLINE, INSPEC
  • Information Seeking Pattern

UNIT – 6 🔰 20Marks

  • Study of Computer including the concept of Hardware.
  • Library Automation Need and Purpose.
  • Need for computer applications, Areas of computer applications. Automation in library Management. Software Packages for Library Management-Essential features
  • Computer and its Units, Computer and its classification.
  • Study of Various operating systems.
  • General-purpose application software: Word Processing such as MS-office, lotus.
  • Special Purpose application software: CDS/ISIS.
  • Library Networking: Needs & Purpose.
JKSSB Library Assistant, Librarian Syllabus PDF

JKSSB Patwari Syllabus PDF | 2024 Recruitment

JKSSB Junior Pharmacist Syllabus PDF | 2024 Recruitment

JKSSB Junior Pharmacist Syllabus
Anatomy and Physiology, Public Health & Hygiene, Diseases20 marks
Public Health and Hygiene20 marks
Basic Medical Information Drugs & Antibiotic20 marks
Records Keeping05 marks
First – AID & Home Nursing15 marks
Home Nursing10 marks
Health Education5 marks
Sterilization & Disinfection10 marks
Surgical Instruments, their names & uses15 marks
Preparation of Patient for Operation, Pre & Post Operative Patient Care

JKSSB Syllabus for Written test Junior Pharmacist posts, Pharmacist Syllabi for an upcoming examination, download jkssb Jr Pharmacist syllabus – Written-test Medical Assistant Study material also available. or else download the JKSSB Junior Pharmacist syllabi PDF.

Total marks120
Time2 hours

Anatomy and Physiology, Public Health & Hygiene, Diseases

• Elementary Physics and Chemistry
• Characteristics of living matter
• The structure of living matter
• The Tissues
• Systems and various parts of the Human Body
• Development and types of Bones
• Bones of Head and Trunk
• Bones of the limb
• Joints and Articulations
• Structure and action of Muscles.
• The Chief Muscles of the Body
• The Blood
• The Heart and Blood vessels
• The Circulatory System
• The Lymphatic System
• The Respiratory System
• The Digestive System
• The Liver, Biliary System, and Pancreas
• Nutrition and Metabolism
• Endocrine Glands and Exocrine Glands
• The Urinary System
• The Nervous System
• The Ear
• The Eye
• The Skin
• The Reproductive System etc.
National Health Programmes:- These should be practical internship training for
six months as recommended by PCI 1080 hours, after two years successful by course
before Diploma Pharmacy is awarded

Public Health and Hygiene

Public Health:-
• History and Development
• Modern concept of public health and comprehensive health care
• Various Health Committees and their recommendations.
• Five Year plans priorities.
• Allocation for medical and health services.
• Cost analysis of Medial and Health care.
• Health and Family Planning Organisations set up at the National
The State, The District and Block levels functions of Primary Health Centre
• Definition
• Concept and Practice.
• Measures and disease frequency investigation of an outbreak and control
field trials.
• Insecticides and resistance, sterilization and disinfection, epidemiological
methods and approaches

JKSSB Junior Pharmacist Recruitment 2024

JKSSB Staff Nurse Recruitment 2024

Basic Medical Information Drugs & Antibiotics

Basic Medical information, Drugs & Antibiotics their preparation & Uses

• Kinds of drugs, characteristics of drugs, Balsams, Gums, etc.
• Pharmaceutical Process and Methods
• General directions on dispensing, weighing, and measuring. How prescriptions are written, prescription reading. How to calculate dose weights and measures, formulae for converting from one scale to other abbreviations used in prescriptions.
• Doses of drugs, pharmacopeial preparation, and their doses, incompatibility, physical, chemical physiological, and therapeutical.
• Suppositories:- How to prepare suppositories of special medicines pessaries, bougies, plasters, etc.
• Ointments, Spray solutions or Nebulas, Inhalations, General rule about the preparation of Mixtures.
• Ordinary bazaar medicines, their recognition, doses, and uses

Records Keeping

Stores Records & Procedures:- Clerical procedure in the good inward section.
Records and procedures in main stores, classification, and codification, keeping of
stock books, preparation of indents, and methods of storing drugs.

First –AID & Home Nursing

Health Education including different types of Bandages, Emergency Health Care Services, Sterilization process & Disinfection procedures

  • Outline of the First–Aid
  • Structure and Functions of the body.
  • Dressing and Bandages (Use of Triangular Bandages and Cotton Roller Bandage,
  • Rubber Bandage and different types of Dressing.
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
  • Wounds.
  • Hemorrhage.
  • Shock
  • Electric Stock
  • Different methods of artificial respiration
  • Asphyxia
  • Fractures and Dislocation
  • Unconsciousness and Fainting
  • Epilepsy and Hysteria
  • Poisons including food poisoning
  • Common Conditions :
    • Foreign body in the ear, eye, and nose
    • Cramps
    • Frost – Bite
    • Bites and Stings
    • Epistaxis
    • Snake Bite
    • Dog Bite
  • Transport of injured persons
    • Use of Common medicines

Home Nursing

  • Nurse
  • Sick Room
  • Bed Making
  • Patient’s Toilet
  • Observation of the Sick
  • Infection
  • Surgical Techniques
  • Diet
  • Medicines
  • Special Conditions & Treatments
  • Bandaging
  • Further Observations
  • Immunity & Infectious Diseases
  • Care of the Aged and Long term patient Person
  • Care of the Mentally Ill Healthy Patient
  • Special Drugs their Control & Administration
  • Preparation of the Patient for Operation and the aftercare
  • Shock and Blood Transfusion
  • Special Treatment
  • Nursing in Special Diseases
  • The Hospital Services
  • Preparation for Special Treatment
  • Child Birth and Its Management

Health Education

Health Education Principles, Ethics, Attributes of health educator,
essential steps and introduction to the main methods in health
education. History development and growth of health education in
India. Various methods of Health Education.

Sterilization & Disinfection

Physical, Chemical, and Mechanical Methods, etc. Disposal of
contaminated Media, Sterilization of Syringes, Glass Wares, apparatus

Surgical Instruments

their names & uses, Preparation of the patient for Operation,
Pre & Post Operative patient care.

Surgical Instruments (Their Names & Uses)

  • Instruments for general surgery.
  • Operation of the Face and Neck
  • Operations of the Nose, Throat, and Ear
  • Ophthalmic Surgery
  • Operations on the chest
  • Operations on the Genito – Urinary Tract
  • Gynecological and Obstetric Operations
  • Orthopedic Operations
  • Neuro-Surgical Operations
  • Operations on the Vascular System
  • Trauma Surgery

Preparation of Instruments Tray

  • Major Procedures Tray
  • Basic / Minor procedures tray
  • Limited procedures tray
  • Thyroid Tray
  • Long Instruments tray
  • Biliary Tract Procedures tray
  • Choledochoscopy tray
  • Basic rigid Signoidoscopy tray
  • Gastrointestinal procedures tray
  • Rectal Procedures tray

Gynecologic and Obstetric Trays

  • Dilatation of the Cervix and Curettage of the Uterus (D&C) tray
  • Cervical Cone Tray
  • Laparoscopy tray
  • Abdominal Hysterectomy tray
  • Caesarian Section tray
  • Vaginal Hysterectomy tray

Genitourinary Trays

Vasectomy tray

  • Open Prostatectomy tray
  • Kidney tray
  • Thoracic Trays
  • Mediastinoscopy tray
  • Thoracotomy tray
  • Pacemaker tray

Cardiovascular Trays

  • Vascular procedures tray
  • Vascular shunt tray
  • Cardiac procedures tray

Orthospaedic Trays

  • Basic Orthopaedic procedure tray
  • Minor Orthopaedic procedures tray
  • Hip replacement tray
  • Knee or Ankle Anthroscopy tray

Neurologic Procedures Tray

  • Craniotomy tray
  • Laminectomy tray

Otorhinolarngologic (ENT Trays)

  • Basic Ear procedures tray
  • Nasal procedures tray
  • Myringotomy tray
  • Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Tray
  • Trachestomy tray
  • Antral Puncture tray

Ophthalmic Trays

  • Basic eye procedures tray
  • Eyelid and Conjunctional procedures tray
  • Basic Eye Muscle procedures tray
  • Dacryocystorhinostomy tray
  • Corneal Procedures tray
  • Cataract Extraction and Lens procedures tray
  • Glaucoma procedure tray
  • Basic Eye procedures Microscope tray
  • Retinal procedures tray

Pediatric Trays

  • Pediatric major procedures trays
  • Pediatric minor procedures trays
  • Pediatric Gastrointestinal procedure trays

Preparation of Patient for Operation, Pre & Post Operative Patient Care

Pre-Operative Considerations :-

  • Psychological support of the Surgical patient.

Protection of the Patient in Surgery :-

  • Admission Procedure
  • Transfer Procedure Position
  • Environmental Controls
  • Electro Surgery
  • Operative Records
  • Counting Procedure
  • Sterilization
  • Emergencies and Disasters

Safety for Medical Assistant, Pharmacist in an Operation Theatre:-

  • In-Service Education.
  • Body Mechanic
  • Fatigue factors
  • Radiation Safety
  • Infection Control
  • Chemical Hazards.
JKSSB Junior Pharmacist SyllabusDownload

JKSSB Teacher Syllabus PDF 2024, Download PDF

JKSSB Teacher Syllabus

JKSSB Teacher Syllabus PDF | 2024 Recruitment – JKSSB Syllabi for upcoming Teacher posts.

Analytical Ability30 Marks
Computer Knowledge20 Marks
Mathematics20 Marks
General Science30 Marks
Total100 Marks

Analytical Ability

  • Relationship Concepts.
  • Visual Memory.
  • Space Visualization.
  • Analysis & Judgment.
  • Figural Series.
  • Arithmetical Number Series.
  • Arithmetical Reasoning.
  • Problem-Solving also.
  • Verbal & Figure Classification.
  • Directions.
  • Data Sufficiency, etc. also.
  • Analogies.
  • Discrimination.
  • Coding-Decoding.
  • Similarities & Differences also.
  • Decision-Making.

Computer Knowledge

  • Microsoft OneNote.
  • PowerPoint.
  • Microsoft Access.
  • MS Project.
  • Microsoft Outlook.
  • MS Visio.
  • Microsoft Publisher also.
  • Excel.


  • Percentages
  • Problems on Ages
  • Average
  • Time and Distance
  • Profit and Loss
  • Data Interpretation
  • Pipes and Cisterns
  • Time and Work also
  • Mixture and Allegation
  • Boats and Streams
  • Discounts etc.
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Number Systems also
  • Simple & Compound Interest also
  • H.C.F. and L.C.M

General Science

  • Geography.
  • Chemistry.
  • Physics.
  • History.
  • Freedom Movement also.
  • Current Events.
  • General Science.

Also check JKSSB 2311 Posts

Kiwi Cultivation in Kashmir

Kiwi Cultivation in Kashmir

Climate: Kiwi is a deciduous climber which resembles with grapevine. It needs frost free growing period of 8-9 months. Kiwi needs warm and humid climate. Annual rainfall of 150-200 cm is ideal for kiwi fruit cultivation.


It could not tolerate wet feet but can tolerate high rains under good drainage. Deep well drained and good aerated sandy loam soil is best for growing kiwi fruit. pH less than 6.0 gives maximum yield.


kiwi fruit is dioecious, therefore interplanting of male plants is essential for fruit production. Matua and Tomuri (male) are planted for pollination. For every nine female plants one male plant should be planted. The pollination is done by insects. The promising staminate and pistillate varieties include the following: Abott, Bruno, Allison, Hayward, Monty, Matua and Tomuri


It can be propagated by budding , grafting or cuttings. Soft wood cutting are treated with   (1.5 g/lit) and hard wood cuttings with (3-4 g/lit) IBA and planted for rooting. Hard wood cuttings are taken in March and soft wood in June. Budding (T, Patch, chip budding) is performed on seedling rootstocks in the month of August –September. Grafting (whip and Tongue) is preferably performed during dormant season of Jan- Feb. For raising Kiwi nursery, seeds are extracted from well ripened fruits and stored at 4.4°C in sealed polythene bags. GAtreatment @ 3.5 g/lit gives 90% germination.

Planting of kiwi vines

It’s done in the month of Feb- March at the spacing of 4×6 m in pits of 1x1x1 m filled with 20kg FYM and 1kg SSP. Direction of the line should be kept North- South for better light.

Care of young kiwi vines

It is important to remove all the weeds to avoid competition for moisture and nutrients. This can be done by mulching.


Frequent irrigation is needed during first 2-3 years. In well established orchards fortnightly irrigation is required during the dry season.

Training and Pruning of Kiwi vines

It is aimed to space the shoots so that each can expose its leaves to adequate light and better air circulation for lower disease incidence, to achieve the appropriate no. of buds/ plant, for optimum yield and to facilitate movement of workers and equipment’s through vineyard.

Pruning of Female Kiwi vines

Pruning is done during dormant season. Kiwi bear fruits on first 3-6 buds of current season growth. Only the canes from previous season growth bear fruits. T- Bar and Pergola system of support is performed in kiwifruit. Healthy vine is selected and lateral branches are removed. The main branch is pruned when it reaches up to main wire and two mid lateral branches are encouraged in opposite directions. The branches are allowed to develop secondary branches for fruiting.

Pruning of Male Kiwi vines

These are pruned after the flowering has occurred.

Nutrient Management of Kiwi vines

For ideal production, 20kg FYM and 0.5 kg NPK should be applied on the basis of per year age. After 5 years, 800-900g N , 500-600g P and 900g k per tree along with 40 kg well decomposed organic manure should be applied in Feb – March. N should be applied in 2 split doses, ½  in Feb-March along with full dose of P and K and remaining ½ dose of N in June. Spray of 25 mg/lit, GA, 4 weeks after full bloom improves yield and quality.

Harvesting and Storage of Kiwi fruits

Fruits ripen from October to December which is a lean period for other fruits in the market. The berries are harvested when they are still hard as these can be transported to long distances without using sophisticated packing material. A maturity index of 6.2% total soluble solids has been found satisfactory for harvest.


It starts bearing at the age of 4 with yield of 4 ton per hectare. 6-120 kg/plant yield can be achieved at the age of 7 years of planting. The plant grown on trellis yield about 20 tons per hectare on an average after 7 years of planting.

Grading and Packaging

Grading can be done manually by visual inspection of fruit. Packing into plastic pocket tray pack appropriate to its size. Fruits are graded on the basis of weight and packed in 10 kg packs and single layer trays between 3-4 kg/tray.


Processing products are: nectar, candy, jams etc,

                                             Approximate harvesting schedule of important varieties:

VarietiesApproximate no. of days from full bloom to harvestApproximate harvest time
Allison175Last week of October
Hayward177 – 179Ist week of November
Bruno1703rd week of October

Author Dr. Nowsheen Nazir is Associate Professor at Division of Fruit Science, FoH, SKUAST-Kashmir.

Laal Singh Chaddha: Ableism, Masculinity and Nation 

Laal Singh Chaddha: Ableism, Masculinity and Nation  1

AFTER three decades of getting shut, a multiplex made its way into Srinagar’s Sonwar area. The inaugural ceremony closed with the screening of Laal Singh Chaddha, a movie that was to be Bollywood’s messiah for commercial resurrection.

Laal Singh Chaddha is a 2022 Indian film directed by Advait Chandan. The film sets out by introducing the protagonist, a boy named Laal who needs leg braces to walk. He faces ableism– discrimination against disabled people in the favor of able-bodied people– in school, both from the students and the administration. Even as his mother helps him build a resilient outlook on his condition, he continues to face sidelining. The film treats Laal’s disability as a shackle to break out of. Instead of affirming the disabled protagonist’s life and his rights to accessibility, the narrative takes an ‘inspirational’ turn, treating disability as something to be fixed.

Laal is shown to be chased by bullies as a kid. In order to escape them he starts walking fast. Suddenly, he finds himself running as Rupa, his close friend, watches. This ableist narrative is coupled with music that marks this event as one of rising action. The sunlight falls on his face as he finds himself sprinting. The braces he used as a mobility aid are run over by the bicycles of the boys chasing him, a final discardation. Rupa can’t believe her eyes as Laal is ‘fixed.’

Laal tells this story later in his life, and follows up his recollection with, “You won’t believe it, I run faster than the wind.” Not only is a disabled person fixed to match an able-bodied standard, but the expectation is to exceed the standard, to serve as a spectacle of inspiration. The scene is shown as a breakthrough for him, symbolized by him running through sesame fields, saturated with color, like Moses running through the parted Red Sea. Laal says “After that day, I ran everywhere.” There is a horizon of expectation where the disabled boy flies out of his ‘bindings’ and enters a life of possibility. His college coach closes the scene by remarking, “Is that a human or a rocket?” Thereafter, in his adulthood, Laal is shown as expressing his masculinity through races, i.e. through physical and muscular capacity. The film constructs his story such that the rejection he faces due to ableism as a boy is followed up by a recovery arc of masculinisation which culminates in the heterosexual family unit.

Ramaswamy, in her essay, Visualizing India’s geo-body argues that when the nation is constructed as a motherly geo-body, the territory falls under the guardianship of her loyal sons, like all women are in a paternalistic world. Laal steps up into dominant masculinity through joining the army, a masculinist institution. This not only makes him combatant but also heroic, he is shown to rescue his fellow fighters on the battlefield, saving the lives of other men defending the nation. Moreover, Rupa tells Laal he looks handsome in his army uniform. The aesthetic signifier gets attached to him for the first time in the film when he is in the most masculine garb imaginable.

Ableism is an ideology that functions in tandem with capitalism and hence colonialism. This is not to say that there is a linear relationship between them but that the ideas that govern the three are the exact same: the commodification of the human body for capital ends. The nation-state is the colonial manifestation of this ideological triad. Laal instrumentalizes his body for the nation, stepping into dominant masculinity as a result.

Masculinised Indian vs Emasculated Pakistani 

Mohammad, a Pakistani commander Laal saves from the Kargil war is constructed in opposition to him. Laal is chivalrous enough to carry the enemy to safety while the latter tries to shoot him in the back, Laal offers Mohammad a kulfi while he throws it away.

Mohammad is brought down from a position of aggressive masculinity to one of a person whose life falls apart after he loses his legs in the war. He is shown with disheveled clothes and hair, drinking from a bottle, self defining as “still a cripple.” While this Muslim enemy-of-the-nation is ‘brought down’ to the level of a meaningless man, Laal is shown to travel around the world as a part of the Indian army, and is even awarded with a medal of valor for saving his comrades. Leaving Mohammad to die would have been too neat a choice in the film. By keeping him alive, he serves as a constant reminder of everything Laal ‘rose’ out of.

Laal remembers the promise he made to his friend Baala on the battlefield and goes to great lengths to fulfill that promise. Mohammad on the other hand becomes a homeless man without any valor to his name. As opposed to Laal being fashioned out of his own intrinsic goodness as well as the support of those around him– his mother, Rupa, co-combatant Baala– Mohammad is shown as a man who is disposable to his community. After settling down in India, he states, “They (Pakistan) disowned the dead, let alone the living… there was no longer any need for us.”

The idea here is that the Indian nation makes moral men and gives back to them, while Pakistan treats its fighters like chattel after reaching ideological ends.

As Mohammad gets a redemption arc through Laal’s business ventures, he thanks Laal for saving him, not only physically but from the fate of those involved in the Taj attack. He asks Lal why he never worships to which he replies, “Religion spreads malaria,” an allusion to violence. The villainization of religion in order to create peace is a typical secular-liberal argument that refuses to engage with the colonial history of secularism itself, pitting a changing, secular self against the rigid, fundamentalist other.

Mohammad says he was brought up with the belief that everyone there was an enemy and a disbeliever. But he met Laal which changed him, that he himself was a victim of “malaria,” another allusion to extremism. Here we see an articulation of what was manifest visually all along. Mohammad says he plans to become someone who saves others from ‘malaria’ through schooling. The conversation of ‘teaching’ them ‘there’ about ‘good friends here’ paints Pakistan as a land full of hateful people who don’t know better than being brainwashed into violent praxis. Mohammad subscribes to the idea that they then require Education about better ways of being from one of them enlightened by a dutiful Indian man. Deepa Srinavas, in her essay on the figure of the Muslim Other in popular culture says that this portrayal has never been free from an underlying anxiety of belonging/ unbelonging to the idea of the nation. The Indian nation and its moral, dutiful citizen, Laal are both constructed through articulating what they aren’t, Pakistan and its violent, barbaric citizens.

Man as Provider 

Rupa’s life moves from her father’s abuse due to monetary constraints to a gang member Abbas’ abuse. As Rupa fails to make the life she wants for herself and is victimized by multiple men, Laal steps in to rescue her. He beats up any man who dares to touch Rupa. He shows up whenever she needs him with an uncanny foresight. Later down the line, Laal tells her about his successful endeavors and how she doesn’t have to worry about money anymore. Not for a single moment does the film sit in the possibility that Rupa could provide for herself, not until the very end. Joane Nagel, in theorizing the construction of men in relation to the nation states that women are relegated to symbolic roles while men defend their honor, their homeland and their women. In Laal’s journey as an army official and later as a businessman, Rupa becomes a beneficiary rather than an agential subject.

Rupa’s later separation from Laal due to associations with Abbas, a murdered and gang member, only reinstates their roles with respect to the nation. Laal continues to be a nation wide spectacle of masculinity, this time by running for four years straight. Rupa, as a less threatening yet supportive role to nationalism, testifies against Abbas, the violent Muslim germ in the nation and gets him arrested.

As Laal and Rupa enter the family unit, the one thing Laal asks at the get go is if their kid is smart or ‘like him.’ Any deviation from being able-bodied is seen as a regression. Rupa assures him that the kid is the smartest in his class.

Akhand Bharat 

At the tail end of the film, as Rupa lies sick in her deathbed, Laal speaks of how watching the Himalayas glow and witnessing the sunset at Kanyakumari was what took away the fear he felt while in the army. The map of India is affirmed here – from Kashmir to Kanyakumari- a material reality to attach oneself to, to quell fear. Ramaswamy articulates how patriotism requires persuasion and it happens most potently through the map. Rupa’s fears are laid to rest through attaching herself to the map of a monolithic, stable entity of the nation, of an akhand bharat. The complexity of illness, death and separation are flattened through the mythos surrounding India as an absolute entity to look up to.

This film visualizes the inseparability of nationalist and masculinist discourses, in the way they articulate each other. Manliness becomes the rhetoric of the nation in the film, becomes an epic of endurance through running, becomes a singular story of a man. Rupa and Lal’s mother stay static in their roles and never shift from the margins into the center stage. However, the film moves Laal from disabled, subordinate masculinity into an abled, dominant masculinity characterized by muscularity, valor and patriotism. KNO

  • by Saadia Peerzada for KNO, she is a student of English and Creative Writing at Ashoka University

Amit Shah to arrive in J&K for 3 days, address rallies in Baramulla, Rajouri

Amit Shah to arrive in J&K for 3 days, address rallies in Baramulla, Rajouri 2

Srinagar: Union Home Minister Amit Shah will be on a three-day visit to Jammu and Kashmir from September 30 where he is planned to pay obeisance to the Mata Vaishno Devi shrine, address two rallies and review developmental activities, party leaders said on Saturday.

JK BJP general secretary and former minister Sunil Sharma told a press conference here the visit should not be linked to yet-to-be announced assembly polls, even though a senior leader said on the condition of anonymity the “rallies will be the beginning of the BJP’s election campaign”.

Sharma told the media, “Election is the prerogative of the ECI (Election Commission of India) which is an autonomous institution and scheduling dates are up to them. The BJP is ready. This (Shah’s visit) is a routine visit and linking it with polls is not right.”

He said Shah will arrive at Jammu on September 30, address a rally in Rajouri (Jammu division) on October 1, and leave for Kashmir the same evening. He will address a rally in Baramulla town at 11 am on October 2.

Shah will pay obeisance at the revered shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi on October 1 before addressing the rally, said the leader quoted above on the condition of anonymity.

Talking about the rallies, Sharma said there are many expectations and hopes of people across Kashmir from the BJP and the Central government.

“Every person has faith in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government. To give that belief a shape, to fulfil those expectations, and to assess the developmental activities of the UT’s LG administration, the Union Minister will arrive in J-K on September 30,” he said.

He said people from across Kashmir, especially north Kashmir, will attend the rally. “People from south Kashmir will also attend it.”

Sharma said the Union minister will speak about various developmental activities undertaken by the Centre. “He will also speak about new steps taken by the Centre on the developmental front,” Sharma added.

The Union Home minister’s visit will be a big step to strengthen the belief of the people in the BJP and the Central Government, the BJP leader said.

“It will be the Union home minister’s direct dialogue with the people of Kashmir in the form of the rally,” he added.

The BJP leader said there will be many other official engagements but refused to share the details.
“But, as far as the party programmes are concerned, delegations from across party lines, or even business leaders, intellectuals, can meet him. Party activities will be discussed with senior leaders as well,” he said.
Asked if Shah will lay the foundation stone for the proposed cancer hospital in Eidgah area of the city here, Sharma said according to the information the party has, there is a session on developmental activities.

“Perhaps, the foundation of the cancer hospital will also be laid and other developmental activities will take place,” he said.

While the party officially said the visit was not linked to the polls, the BJP leader quoted above without being named said, “Home Minister Shah’s visit to address two mega public rallies will be the beginning of the BJP’s election campaign from the Muslim majority districts.”

“Both Rajouri and Baramulla are home to a large population of Pahari-speaking people who have attached high hopes from the BJP for grant them scheduled tribe status,” the leader told PTI.
He said the home minister will directly speak to the Pahari community.

He also said that after his public rally at Rajouri — the hometown of J&K BJP president Ravinder Raina — the home minister will return to Jammu the same day (October 1) and inaugurate the Jammu-Akhnoor flyover along Jammu-Poonch national highway and several other projects.

He will chair a meeting of senior BJP leaders before leaving for Srinagar in the evening, the leader said.
The ongoing Special Summary Revision of electoral roll in Union Territory is scheduled to end on November 25 with the publication of final voter list.

DHE Haryana UG 1st Merit List 2022 BA, B.Com, B.Sc | Result Pdf 2022

DHE Haryana UG 1st Merit List 2022 BA, B.Com, B.Sc | Result Pdf 2022 3

Haryana College Admission Merit List 2022: Department of Higher Education, Haryana invites applications from eligible students for Haryana Colleges UG Admission. Candidates those who are applying for highereduhry.ac.in UG admission may refer to this article for Haryana College Admission Merit List 2022 Merit List for First Year UG Admission at the colleges of Haryana is going to be released on 12.08.2022. So, students looking for Admission Haryana UG Admission Merit list may click on the below link to download Haryana Admission Admission Merit List. Applicants are instructed to keep visit our site to get latest updates from the Department of Higher Education.

Haryana College Admission Merit List 2022

Candidates can refer official website for details about the admission process, fee details, documents required for admission, etc. Candidates can keep track our site to get the latest updates from the Department of Higher Education Merit List, Haryana. Admission First Merit List will be valid up to 16.08.2022. Applicants who are listed on Haryana College UG Admission Merit List may proceed for fee deposition from 13.08.2022-16.08.2022. Candidates are intimated to refer highereduhry.ac.in website for more details and upcoming announcements. Kindly keep in touch with our site to get Admission Haryana 2nd/ 3rd Merit List updates.

Institute Name Department of Higher Education, Haryana
Courses Various UG
Year 2022-2023
Merit List Release Date 12.08.2022
Official Website admissions.highereduhry.ac.in

Haryana College Merit List Details

  • Name of the Applicant
  • Application Number
  • Core
  • Caste
  • Marks Obtained
  • Eligibility Marks
  • Remarks

How to check Haryana College Admission Merit List 2022

  • Visit highereduhry.ac.in
  • Click on “Admission 2022-2023”.
  • Then Open the corresponding link i.e. “Merit List for First Year UG Admission”.
  • Check your details with the list.

Then interested students can proceed for the admission process from mentioned dates,Candidates may refer highereduhry.ac.in admission 2022-2023 page for more details & upcoming notifications. Aspirants looking for more updates from other organizations may refer our Applyexam.co.in the site.

Here, you may check the Haryana College Admission Merit List 2022 of each course/ college for which you have applied at the time of online admission registration.

  • Ambala College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Mahendergarh College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Bhiwani College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Rohtak College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Hisar College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Jhajjar College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Jind College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Karnal College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Panchkula College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Panipat College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Sonipat College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Yamunanagar College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Sirsa College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Gurgaon College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Faridabad College Admission Merit List 2022
  • Fathebad College Admission Merit List 2022

Merit List of KUK and CDLU Universities 2022

The Merit List for admission to UG Courses 2022-19 run in Affiliated Colleges of – KUK and CDLU Universities has been uploaded on an official website of Department of Higher Education, Haryana i.e. www.highereduhry.com.

You may go through the Merit List Schedule 2022 for admission in various Under Graduate (UG) Courses i.e. B.A, B.Sc, B.Com, BCA, BBA in the colleges affiliated to KUK and CDLU Universities.

Last Date of submission of admission form:- 30-June-2022Scrutiny / Verification of application forms:- upto 03-July-2022Display of First Merit List:- 05-July-2022Display of Second Merit List:- 11-July-2022

Merit List of MDU University 2022

Are you looking for Merit List for admission to UG Courses run in Affiliated Colleges of – MDU Universities for the session 2022 – 2019? You all are informed that the Department of Higher Education, Haryana has been declared Merit List of UG Courses for admission 2022 to affiliated colleges of MDU University that you may check at www.highereduhry.com.

Last Date of submission of admission form:- 30-June-2022Scrutiny / Verification of application forms:- upto 03-July-2022Display of First Merit List:- 05-July-2022Display of Second Merit List:- 10-July-2022Display of Third Merit List:- 13-July-2022

Haryana College UG Admission Merit List 2022

Are you seeking admission in UG Courses in Govt/ Govt Aided/ Private Colleges of Haryana affiliated to KUK University, CDLU, MDU and CRSU for the session 2022 – 2019? Then, you are required to apply online for Haryana College UG Admission 2022-19 via the official website of the Department of Higher Education, Haryana i.e. www.highereduhry.com. Those who have registered for Haryana College UG Online Admission 2022 must be waiting for Merit List of candidates who have been shortlisted for admission in Haryana Colleges to pursue B.A, B.Com, B.Sc course.

You may check Haryana College UG Admission Merit List 2022 of 1st/ 2nd/ 3rd round to know whether your name has been shortlisted or not for admission in Under Graduate Courses.

  • Haryana College Admission First Merit List 2022
  • Haryana College Admission Second Merit List 2022
  • Haryana College Admission Third Merit List 2022

GMC Udhampur, Handwara Recruitment 2022 | 1612 Posts to be advertised

GMC Udhampur Recruitment 2022

Govt. Medical College Udhampur Recruitment for 806 Posts, Check Official Notification Here

Govt. Medical College Udhampur Recruitment | J&K Medical Jobs Recruitment 2022: Apply For 806 Job Posts – Full Details Here

Creation of 1612 posts for the establishment of two New Medical Colleges at Handwara (Kupwara) & Udhampur in the Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir.

Sanction is hereby accorded to the creation of 1612 posts of different categories for the establishment of two New Medical Colleges at Handwara (Kupwara) and Udhampur (@806 posts per Medical College) as per the following break-up:-

Official Notification PDF

Govt. Medical College Udhampur Recruitment – Vacancy details of Health and Medical Education Department Recruitment 2022:

  • Name of the Medical College: Govt. Medical College Handwara (Kupwara)
  • No. of Posts: 806 Posts
  • Name of the Medical College: Govt. Medical College Udhampur
  • No. of Posts: 806 Posts

The sanction to the creation of posts shall be subject to the following conditions, The relevant recruitment rules shall be amended accordingly. The direct recruitment posts are filed as per S.O. 192 dated. 17-06-2020.