JKSSB Junior Supervisor/Sub Auditor Syllabus PDF 2024

JKSSB Syllabus
General English20 Marks
Current Knowledge and Current Affairs20 Marks
General Science20 Marks
Mental Ability Test20 Marks
Computer Applications20 Marks

JKSSB Syllabus for Written test Junior Supervisor posts, Sub Auditor Syllabi for an upcoming examination, download jkssb Jr Supervisor syllabus – Written-test Sub Auditor Study material also available. or else download the JKSSB Junior Supervisor syllabi PDF.

Total marks120
Time2 hours

General English

  • Tenses
  • Rearranging of jumbled sentences.
  • Narration
  • Models
  • Articles
  • Comprehension with blanks to be filled in with
    • Phrases
    • Pronouns
    • Homonyms/homophones.
  • Clauses
  • Synonyms and antonyms
  • Pairs of words and their use in meaningful sentences.
  • Idioms and phrases.
  • Uses of Prepositions.
  • Active & Passive Voice

Current Knowledge and Current Affairs

  • Indian History with special reference to the Freedom struggle
  • First in the world (Adventure, Sports, Discoveries)
  • First in India (Adventure, Sports, Discoveries)
  • Popular Personalities (Politics, Scientific discoveries, Geographical, Sports, History)
  • The Newspaper world – (Current Dailies & Weeklies of India)
  • Languages & Culture
  • International Organisations- UNO, WHO, WTO, IMF, UNESCO, UNCTAD etc.
  • Important Regional Organizations and Blocs- BRICS, OPEC, ASEAN,
  • SAARC, BIMSTEC, G-20, G-7 etc.
  • Sustainable Development Goals
  • Communicable Diseases- cure and prevention
  • NCDC- COVID-19 – SOPs, Advisories, Guidelines, etc
  • World-famous Awards
  • The world of Sports
  • Climate & Crops in India
  • Political & Physical divisions of world & India
  • Important Rivers & Lakes in India
  • Current Events of National and International importance
  • Agriculture in economic development; Industrialization and economic development.
  • Foreign Trade & Balance of payments
  • New economic reforms
  • Inflation, Monitory Policy, Fiscal Policy, Capital Markets, Role of RBI,
  • Taxation in India- Direct & Indirect Tax – CBDT, GST etc.
  • India’s Automic Research Programme,
  • Thermal / Nuclear/ Hydro Power Plants in India.


  • Popular names of personalities and their achievements/ Contribution (National and International).
  • Weather, Climate, Crops, Means of Transport.
  • J&K History, Economy and Culture
  • Flora and Fauna of J&K
  • Rivers and Lakes.
  • Important Tourist Destinations.
  • J&K Panchayati Raj Act, 1989 (as amended up to December 2020), 73rd & 74th Constitutional amendments.
  • J&K Reorganisation Act, 2019

General Science

  • Various sources of energy; conventional sources of energy;
  • improvement in technology for using conventional sources of energy (Biomass and wind energy)
  • Non-conventional sources of energy (Solar energy, Tidal energy).
  • Mechanics, Rest, motion, Velocity, acceleration, Newton Laws of motion,
  • Voltage, Current, Resistance, Power, D.C Batteries
  • Waves, light as a wave, Sound waves, Transverse and longitudinal waves.
  • Structure of Atom
  • Solids, Liquids, and Gases(Basics)
  • Life processes: Nutrition and its types, Respiration, Transportation of water, food, and minerals in plants.
  • Vitamins- diseases related to vitamin deficiency.
  • Environmental pollution.
  • Ecosystem – Its components, Food chains, and Food webs.
  • Ozone layer, its depletion, Green House Effect.
  • Importance of water in life

Mental Ability Test

  • Number Series
  • Letter series.
  • Coding decoding.
  • Direction sense.
  • Blood relations.
  • Mathematical reasoning.
  • Speed, Distance, and Time.
  • Statements and conclusions.
  • Logical Reasoning.
  • Mental Reasoning.

Computer Applications

Fundamentals of computer sciences
Hardware & Software
Input and output devices
Operating system
M.S Word, M.S Excel, M.S Acess, and Powerpoint Presentation
E_mail & Internet

SyllabusPDF LINK

Outrage Over Allegedly Casteist Forest Order Issued by DFO Langate in Kupwara

DFO Langate Casteist Letter

In a recent development, an official letter purportedly issued by the Divisional Forest Officer (DFO) Langate in Kupwara district of Jammu & Kashmir has sparked controversy and allegations of casteism. The letter, bearing Forest Order No. 43 for the year 2023-24 and dated February 17, 2024, has drawn sharp criticism for its discriminatory language targeting the Shepherd Community including Gujjars, Bakerwals, and Chopans.

Social activist Dr. Raja Muzaffar Bhat, among others, has condemned the contents of the letter, highlighting the insensitivity towards marginalized communities. Dr. Bhat demanded severe action against the Forest Officer responsible for issuing such an order.

DFO Langate Casteist Letter Order

The letter, addressed to the Range Officer of Mawar, cites a surprise inspection conducted at the Forest Check-post Langate, during which a forest official named Bashir Ahmad Dobhi, identified as a Forest Guard, was allegedly found wearing attire resembling that of a shepherd. The DFO, in the order, asserts that forest officials are expected to adhere to a proper dress code while on duty, particularly in sensitive postings.

Consequently, pending a departmental inquiry, Bashir Ahmad Dobhi has been placed under suspension and attached to the Range Office Rafiabad with immediate effect. The Range Officer of Mawar has been instructed to make internal arrangements to fill the gap left by the suspended official until suitable staff can be posted to the check-post.

The language and tone of the letter have raised concerns about the perpetuation of caste-based stereotypes and discrimination within government institutions. Critics argue that instead of focusing on the individual’s performance and conduct, the order appears to target and stigmatize a specific community based on their traditional attire and occupation.

As calls for accountability grow louder, many are urging authorities to investigate the matter thoroughly and take appropriate action to address the underlying issues of discrimination and prejudice within the administration.

Efforts to reach out to the Divisional Forest Officer for comment on the matter have been ongoing, but as of now, no response has been received.

Jammu District Tops in Recorded Accidents for 2023 in Jammu and Kashmir, Reports JK Traffic Department

Recorded Accidents for 2023 in Jammu and Kashmir

According to recent data released by the Jammu and Kashmir Traffic Department, Jammu District has emerged with the highest number of recorded accidents in 2023 within the region. The statistics reveal a concerning trend, with a total of 1179 accidents reported throughout the year.

Of these accidents, 150 were classified as fatal, while 1029 were deemed non-fatal, painting a grim picture of road safety within the district. The figures further detail the human toll, with 171 individuals losing their lives in these accidents, and 1405 sustaining injuries.

The data underscores the urgent need for enhanced safety measures and stricter enforcement of traffic regulations in Jammu District. Authorities are urged to prioritize initiatives aimed at reducing road accidents and ensuring the safety of commuters and pedestrians alike.

The alarming statistics serve as a stark reminder of the importance of promoting responsible driving practices and fostering a culture of road safety awareness within the community. Efforts to address the underlying causes of accidents, such as speeding, reckless driving, and inadequate infrastructure, are imperative to prevent further loss of lives on the roads of Jammu and Kashmir.

As stakeholders analyze the data to devise comprehensive strategies, it remains crucial for both authorities and residents to collaborate actively in fostering a safer environment for all road users in the region.

Inclement Weather Forces Closure of Srinagar-Jammu National Highway

Srinagar-Jammu National Highway

Amidst challenging weather conditions in Jammu and Kashmir, the authorities have taken the decision to close the Srinagar-Jammu National Highway for vehicular movement on Monday. This decision comes in response to the adverse effects of heavy rainfall in the region.

Traffic officials have reported incidents of mudslide at Mehad-Cafteria in Ramban and landslide at Tabela Chamalwass in Banihal, prompting the closure of the highway. These natural occurrences have been attributed to the relentless rains experienced in the Ramban district over the past 24 hours.

In light of the hazardous conditions, authorities are urging individuals to refrain from traveling on the highway until the weather conditions improve and clearance operations are completed. They have emphasized the importance of seeking updates from Traffic Control Units (TCU) before commencing any journeys.

Furthermore, it’s not just the Srinagar-Jammu National Highway that’s affected; other major highways in Jammu and Kashmir, such as Bhaderwah-Chamba, Kishtwar-Sinthan-Anantnag, Mughal Road, and Srinagar-Sonamarg-Gumri (SSG) Road, are also closed for vehicular movement due to significant snow accumulation.

The closure of these vital transportation arteries underscores the severity of the weather conditions and the need for caution among residents and travelers in the region. Authorities remain vigilant and are working diligently to ensure the safety and well-being of everyone affected by the inclement weather.

IAS Mohammad Aijaz is the new Civil Aviation Commissioner

IAS Mohammad Aijaz

In the interest of administration, it is hereby ordered that Mr. Mohammad Aijaz, an accomplished officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) belonging to the 2012 batch, currently serving as the Administrative Secretary of the Planning Development & Monitoring Department, with the additional responsibility of overseeing the Civil Aviation Department, shall also assume the role of Civil Aviation Commissioner.

Mr. Aijaz, with his extensive experience and proven capabilities, is deemed suitable to take on this additional responsibility alongside his existing duties. This decision has been made to streamline administrative processes and ensure effective management within the Civil Aviation Department.

Effective immediately, Mr. Mohammad Aijaz will be entrusted with the responsibilities of both Administrative Secretary and Civil Aviation Commissioner. He is expected to execute his duties diligently, ensuring smooth operations and promoting the growth and development of the civil aviation sector.

This arrangement shall remain in effect until further orders are issued. It is anticipated that Mr. Aijaz’s leadership will contribute significantly to the advancement of the Civil Aviation Department’s objectives and the overall enhancement of administrative efficiency.

Holiday Declared in Jammu and Kashmir to Mark Shri Ram Lalla Pran Pratishtha at Ayodhya

govt of jammu and kashmir

Date: January 21, 2024 – In a significant move, the Government of Jammu and Kashmir has declared a half-day public holiday on January 22, 2024. This decision comes in connection with the Pran Pratishtha ceremony of Shri Ram Lalla at Ayodhya, as per the directive in Reference F. No.12/7/2023-JCA dated January 18, 2024, issued by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions (Department of Personnel & Training), Government of India.

The official order, Government Order No.203-JK (GAD) of 2024, issued today, cites continuity with Government Order No.1582-JK(GAD) of 2023 dated December 11, 2023, and Government Order No.1583-JK(GAD) of 2023 dated December 11, 2023. The public holiday will be observed till 2:30 p.m. on January 22, 2024, in the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

This move aims to facilitate the participation of the public in celebrations and observances related to the Pran Pratishtha ceremony of Shri Ram Lalla at Ayodhya, a momentous occasion for millions of people across the country.

Citizens are encouraged to take note of this half-day public holiday and plan their activities accordingly, considering the restrictions in place until 2:30 p.m. on the specified date. The government urges everyone to join in the festive spirit and celebrate this auspicious occasion with joy and harmony.

By Order of the Government of Jammu and Kashmir.

Syed Fakhruddin Hamid IAS: Wiki/Bio, Age, UPSC Rank

Syed Fakhruddin Hamid

Syed Fakhruddin Hamid is a 2017 Batch IAS officer from Assam-Meghalaya Cadre, Syed Fakhruddin is on deputation to Jammu and Kashmir following the orders passed on 18 June 2021 for the period of 3 years.

NameSyed Fakhruddin Hamid
ProfessionCivil Servant
UPSC Batch2017
Date of BirthN/A
Present PostingJammu and Kashmir(Deputed)
Present Post HoldingDC Bandipora

Syed Fakhruddin Hamid recently took the charge as Divisional Commissioner Bandipora relieving Mr. Owais Ahmad (IAS officer).

Syed Fakhruddin Hamid along with Shahbaz Mirza
Syed Fakhruddin Hamid along with Previous DC Budgam Shahbaz Mirza

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Professional Update of Syed Fakhruddin Hamid

Syeed Fakhrudin Hamid, IAS (AM:2017), the Deputy Commissioner of Anantnag, is being transferred and posted as the Deputy Commissioner of Bandipora.

Syed Fakhrudin Hamid was posted as Deputy Commissioner Budgam, from 25th August 2022 to 27th April, 2023.

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At the outset, officers accorded a warm welcome to incumbent DC. Chairing the meeting, incumbent DC instructed all officers to ensure prompt delivery of public services and adopt a zero tolerance approach against corruption at all offices.

He assured his full support to the officers and instructed them to ensure speedy completion of developmental works across the district.

Controversies / Recent Actions by SF Hamid

As a Deputy Commissioner (DC) Budgam, Syed Fakhruddin Hamid on 25th of August suspended 22 employees for remaining unauthorizedly absent from their duties. In order to check attendance of employees, the DC conducted surprise inspections of various government offices including Tehsil Office Budgam.

During the inspection at Tehsil Office, 20 employees were found unauthorizedly absent from duties. Similarly, while checking the attendance at Government Primary School Paller, two teachers were found unauthorizedly absent from their duties.

Deputy Commissioner (DC) Budgam, Syed Fakhruddin Hamid today on 25th of August suspended 22 employees for remaining unauthorizedly absent
Syed Fakhruddin Hamid on Surprise Visit in District Budgam School

The absent employees were placed under suspension immediately. The DC stressed on 100 percent attendance at all offices and directed all employees to attend their duties regularly in letter and spirit.
He warned that strict action shall be taken as per the law against employees for their unauthorized absence from duties.

The DC also observed that cleanliness is not up to the mark in offices. He instructed that proper sanitation and cleanliness shall be maintained in and outside premises of all Government offices.

Kashmir University B.Ed. Selection List 2024 Released, Download PDFs

Kashmir University B.Ed. Selection List

Transitioning from the anticipation of submitting applications to the excitement of seeing one’s name on the selection list is a pivotal moment for aspiring educators. In the educational landscape of Jammu and Kashmir, the release of the Kashmir University B.Ed. Selection List 2024 is a much-awaited event, marking the beginning of a transformative journey for the selected candidates.

The candidates whose particulars are mentioned in the selection lists appended to this notification have been selected provisionally for admission to B. Ed programme session 2023 – 25 purely on the basis of merit obtained by them at UG / PG level and preference of the college given by the applicant.

Download Selection List PDFs

Important Note:-

The Principals of all the Private B. Ed affiliated Colleges shall ensure that all the selected candidates possess the minimum required eligibility and have passed their qualifying examination/ have category certificate (if selected under any reserved category) issued by or before 22nd  November 2023. The same may be verified by the original documents/certificates of the candidate. No authority slip shall be issued by the Principal to the candidate who aren’t eligible or does not have valid category certificate.

The admission of the candidates is subject to the:-

  1. Production of all relevant original documents {Marks Card/s of qualifying examination, Provisional and Character certificates of the Institution last attended, valid Reserved Category Certificate (wherever applicable), Migration Certificate};
  2. Production of eligibility cum revival of registration/migration form wherever applicable alongwith prescribed fee;
  3. Fulfilling of minimum required eligibility conditions to be verified by the concerned College;
  4. Clearance  from  the Academic Section  in  respect  of  the  candidates  having qualified examination  from  Universities/Institutions other than University of Kashmir;
  5. NOC from the concerned Department in case of In-service candidates;
  6. Production of an affidavit sworn in before 1st Class Magistrate stating that:
    • I am not on rolls of any other Institution;
    • All the submitted certificates/documents are genuine;
    • I have not availed the benefit of the reserved category certificate for pursuing any UG Programme earlier (if seeking admission under Reserved Category);
    • I will strictly adhere to the rules and regulations of the University;
    • I understand that in case of any misinformation or concealment of any information or indiscipline, my admission to the programme shall be cancelled and I shall be subjected to legal action;
    • I submit this affidavit under free will and without any pressure, compulsion, fraud or coercion.
  7. The  college  shall  not  charge  admission/tuition  fee  from  the  selected  students  beyond  the  fee  structure  fixed  by  the  State Government/ affiliating University, notified vide : No.F(Revised Fee Structure-UG PG)Acad/KU/18.
  8. In no case whatsoever, no admission is made by the college on its own.
  9. The Assistant Registrar, Registration is requested not to accept the RR’s beyond the approved intake and forthwith return the RR’s, if any to the college, so as to rule out possibility of litigation or regularization of unauthorized admissions. The Assistant Registrar, Registration is further requested to report back to this office within 20 days any cancellation of admission of the ineligible candidates or unauthorized admission.
  10. The admission of the candidates from outside J & K are subject to the condition that the qualifying examination / University is recognized by UGC which should be ensured by the Registration Section.

The provisionally selected candidates should go through the detailed instructions regarding the submission of admission forms available on the official website of www.kashmiruniversity.net. The students are advised to minutely go through the instructions before the submission of Admission Form etc. The selected candidates are hereby directed to complete the admission formalities from 09th Jan, 2024 upto 16th Jan, 2024. The candidates shall have to approach alongwith all documents/certificates in original to the respective Pvt. Affiliated B.Ed college for verification of the documents/certificates. Any provisionally selected candidate failing to complete the admission formalities upto 16th Jan, 2024 shall forfeit his / her right to admission and the resultant vacancy (ies), if any, shall be filled up from among the waiting list candidates.

Selection Criteria B.Ed. programme at Kashmir University?

The selection process for the B.Ed. programme at Kashmir University is meticulous, considering the merit obtained by candidates at the UG/PG level and their preferences for affiliated colleges. The released selection lists bear the names of those who have secured their places based on this rigorous evaluation.

A crucial note to private B.Ed. affiliated colleges emphasizes the need to ensure that selected candidates possess the minimum required eligibility. Principals are instructed to verify original documents, including marks cards, provisional and character certificates, and valid reserved category certificates, issued on or before November 22, 2023.

Kashmir University Faces Backlash as 1st Semester Students Denied Vehicle Entry Passes

University of Kashmir

Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir: In a controversial move, Kashmir University (KU) has come under scrutiny for allegedly depriving first-semester students, enrolled in July 2023, of the right to apply for vehicle entry passes. Despite earlier assurances from the proctor, responsible for issuing these passes, students are now expressing frustration as their applications are not being accepted.

The proctor office had initially informed students that their applications for vehicle entry passes would be accepted after October 15, 2023. However, students claim that even after diligently approaching the university authorities, their requests are still not being acknowledged, leaving them in a state of confusion and inconvenience.

One affected student, who preferred to remain anonymous, stated, “We were told that our applications would be accepted after the 15th of October, and now, when we go to the office daily, the proctor is not accepting our applications. It’s causing a lot of distress, especially for those who commute from a distance.”

As a result of this alleged administrative lapse, students are compelled to park their vehicles outside the university gates and are being charged for parking facilities. This has triggered dissatisfaction among the student community, with some viewing it as an additional financial burden.

A concerned scholar at Kashmir University, speaking to Zehr un Nisa, a reporter at JKYouth.com, expressed their dismay, saying, “Forcing students to park their vehicles outside and then charging them for parking is another way of extracting money from students. This is unjust and adds an unnecessary financial strain on the already burdened students.”

The situation has prompted calls for the university administration to address the issue promptly and transparently. Students are urging the authorities to honor the earlier commitment made by the proctor and facilitate the smooth processing of their vehicle entry pass applications.

JKYouth.com will continue to monitor this situation and provide updates as the story develops. The university administration has not yet issued an official statement regarding the matter.

How to get Duplicate Electricity Bill in Jammu Kashmir, Follow these simple steps


You can get your duplicate bill at http://www.jkpdd.net/jkapdrp/faces/jsp/bill/duplicateBillEntry.jsp

Step 1:

How to get Duplicate Electricity Bill in Jammu Kashmir, Follow these simple steps 1

Step 2:

Here you need to enter your Consumer code, Name as on bill, Installation number, select month and year and then click on submit you will get your duplicate bill.

How to get Duplicate Electricity Bill in Jammu Kashmir, Follow these simple steps 2

How to Pay JKPDD Online payment process:

Power Development Department (PDD is one of the Jammu and Kashmir state government departments responsible for energy transmission and power distribution in all districts. Later in 1995, the Department of Energy Development was changed to Jammu and Kashmir State Power Development Corporation (JKSPDC). 

JKSPDC accepts online payments for electricity bills in Jammu and Kashmir districts. Consumers can use this online portal to pay their dues. To accept online bill payments, consumers must register their personal data, such as the consumer’s name, consumer number and other information in JKPDD Online’s invoice payment web portals.

Now pay the electricity bills through the net bank

Consumers in Jammu and Kashmir’s energy development department will suffer from the monthly clutter of queues at bank branches to pay electricity bills – the ministry started paying bills online at from this month.

Online billing would make it easier to pay bills, since customers can now pay bills sitting at home. Consumers can log on to http://billsahuliyat.jkpdd.net/ and use JK bank’s net banking service to pay the bill.

How to get Duplicate Electricity Bill in Jammu Kashmir, Follow these simple steps 3

If you are new user then you need to sign up and proceed to make payment of your bill.

How to get Duplicate Electricity Bill in Jammu Kashmir, Follow these simple steps 4

Speaking in Grand Kashmir, the Minister of State in power, Muhammad Ashraf Mir, said that this measure was intended to facilitate the payment of bills and that “this step is also part of the campaign to facilitate business because commercial consumers can also benefit from the convenience of online payment facility. “

“Our government is working to make services accessible to people at the door. We have witnessed that the payment of bills is a heavy exercise for our people and taking into account the difficulties they face, the decision to pay online has been taken to alleviate the problems of ordinary people, declared by Muhammad Ashraf.

Mir said that DP will not avoid the traditional bill payment system through bank branches. “We came to know about that seniors and uneducated people would have difficulty paying bills online; they can continue to pay their bills in the traditional way, declared by Minister of State in power.

The minister added that young people and educated people can, however, benefit from this facility. He added that with the advancement of IT, the DP needs to adapt to new technology.

PDD Deputy Executive Director Shabir Ahmad said that online billing was initially launched as a pilot project from last December month. “Due to the proper response and comments, we officially started bill payment online from this month, declared by Minister of State in power.

Ahmad said for now that consumers who have JK Bank’s net banking facility can make a bill payment online. Also can “Online payment through other banks can only be done after the state government gives a nod to this proposal.”

Meanwhile, the DP selection has obtained a very good reaction from the people. “ultimately, DP opted for an online charge of bills,  which is a superb step,” said Imran Farooq, a resident of Srinagar, adding that the department should encourage people to pay their bills online by offering them some concessions.

Benefits of using DHBVN / UHBVN web portals for online bill payment:

The consumer can know the status of the current reading by connecting to the online bill payment portal JKPDD

The consumer can know the current status of the bill by logging into JKPDD’s online bill payment portal

The consumer can check the status of the previous online bill payment by logging into the online bill payment portal JKPDD

The consumer can pay the current bills by connecting to the online bill payment portal JKPDD

The consumer can use debit or credit cards 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, without physically moving, which can also save time

Jammu and Kashmir Consumers can use the below-given link to pay their electricity bills online


To register a complaint:

If you are facing any problem in getting a duplicate bill or bill payment, etc,. You can register with given link http://www.jkpdd.net/jkapdrp/faces/jsp/utility/registerComplaint.jsp

Step 1:

How to get Duplicate Electricity Bill in Jammu Kashmir, Follow these simple steps 5

Step 2:

Here you need to enter your Consumer code, Customer name as on bill, Email Id, Phone number, select complaint type, and give complaint details and then click on submit to register your complaint

How to get Duplicate Electricity Bill in Jammu Kashmir, Follow these simple steps 6

About JKPDD:

Power Development Department (PDD) is one of the state government departments of Jammu and Kashmir responsible for all functions associated with the transmission and distribution of electric power inside the state. The production sector is supported by J & K State Power Development Corporation (JKSPDC).

The Jammu and Kashmir State Energy Development Department works like any other electricity board in the country and around the world. Unlike other electricity boards in the country that collect revenue for their respective governments, the JKPDD is the only one of its kind that acts as a sink for the state treasury.

In fact, the JKPDD does not accumulate revenues in proportion to the quantum of electricity produced, purchased from other states and distributed by the ministry to the general public, but there is rather a significant variation in the discrepancy. Although the department does exceptionally well and the revenue mix is gradually increasing each year, so far the government has not yet been amortized by making profits through the department.

One should not be considered and start doubting the efficiency of the engineers and employees of the department, but the reasons why the JKPDD is a non-profit organization is other than technical and managerial, but the sphere includes the political factors, social and geographical. to a very large extent. There is no malfunction because of the branch, however different factors contribute to the purpose.

Recently, the unbundling of the JKPDD was cited by some as one of the remedies for the losing department but the same thing cannot be validated and this is not factual in my opinion. My point is that by unbundling the department, the government will add to our miseries, if not more.

The Power Development Corporation currently the SPDC that was previously part of the G & T (Generation and Transmission) wing of the Energy Development Department was in the 1990s separated from the DP and therefore unbundling started from this moment, by the Generation Wing turning into a society.