China blocks proposal by US and India to blacklist Pak-based 26/11 LeT handler

China blocks proposal by US and India to blacklist Pak-based 26/11 LeT handler 1

United Nations: China has blocked a proposal by the US and India at the United Nations to blacklist top Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) militant Sajid Mir, one of India’s most wanted terrorists and the main handler of the deadly 2008 Mumbai attacks, in the third such move by Beijing within four months.

It is learnt that Beijing put a hold on Thursday on the proposal moved by the US and co-designated by India to blacklist Mir under the 1267 Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee of the UN Security Council as a global terrorist and subject him to assets freeze, travel ban and arms embargo.

Mir is one of India’s most wanted terrorists and has a bounty of USD 5 million placed on his head by the US for his role in the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks carried out by Pakistan-based LeT terrorists.

In June this year, he was jailed for over 15 years in a terror-financing case by an anti-terrorism court in Pakistan, which is struggling to exit the grey list of the Paris-based Financial Action Task Force (FATF).
Pakistani authorities had in the past claimed Mir had died, but Western countries remained unconvinced and demanded proof of his death. This issue became a major sticking point in FATF’s assessment of Pakistan’s progress on the action plan late last year.

Mir is a senior member of the Pakistan-based LeT and is wanted for his involvement in the November 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai.

“Mir was LeT’s operations manager for the attacks, playing a leading role in their planning, preparation and execution,” the US State Department has said.

Last month, China had put a hold on a proposal by the US and India at the United Nations to blacklist Abdul Rauf Azhar, the brother of Jaish-e Mohammed (JEM) chief Masood Azhar and a senior leader of the Pakistan-based terror organisation. Abdul Rauf Azhar, born in 1974 in Pakistan, was sanctioned by the US in December 2010.

Beijing, an all-weather friend of Islamabad, has repeatedly put holds on listings to blacklist Pakistan-based terrorists under the sanctions committee of the UN Security Council.
In June this year, China had put a hold, at the last moment, on a joint proposal by India and the US to list Pakistan-based terrorist Abdul Rehman Makki under the 1267 Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee of the UN Security Council.

Makki is a US-designated terrorist and brother-in-law of Lashkar-e-Taiba head and 26/11 mastermind Hafiz Saeed. New Delhi and Washington had put a joint proposal to designate Makki as a global terrorist under the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee of the UN Security Council but Beijing placed a hold on this proposal at the last minute.

The US State Department had said that Mir has been a senior member of LeT since approximately 2001.
From 2006 to 2011, Mir was in charge of LeT’s external operations and planned and directed various terrorist attacks on behalf of the group. Additionally, Mir allegedly conspired to commit a terrorist attack against a newspaper and its employees in Denmark between 2008 and 2009. For his role in the Mumbai attacks, Mir was indicted in the United States in April 2011.

In August 2012, the US Department of the Treasury designated Mir as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist. As a result of this designation, among other consequences, all property and interests in the property of Mir that are subject to US jurisdiction are blocked, and US persons are generally prohibited from engaging in any transactions with Mir.

“Mir is on the FBI’s Most Wanted Terrorists List. He is believed to reside in Pakistan,” according to information on the State Department website.

A Brief Overview of Election Laws in India

Election Laws in India

The field of election law lies at the intersection of political science and constitutional law. It investigates “the law of politics and the politics of law.” Since 1950 many Election laws in India have been passed regarding the functioning of elections.

Let’s learn about the set of laws that govern the elections as well as the Autonomous Body responsible for conducting free and fair elections in India.

Election Commission

The direction and supervision of the electoral rolls are handled and controlled by an impartial Election Commission in India. Additionally, it oversees the elections for the State Legislatures as well as the President and Vice-President of India. The Election Commission of India is authorised to give special directives and orders to deal with any circumstance for which the laws that have been passed by the Parliament have no provision or insufficient provision.

As an independent constitutional authority to conduct elections for local bodies, panchayats, and municipalities, a body akin to the Election Commission was

established. The Election Commission provides compendia and handbooks that serve as guidelines and instructions for the following:

  • Electoral Registration Officers Returning Officers
  • Presiding Officers Candidates Polling agents
  • Counting agents

Election Laws

The Constitution of India’s Parliament retains the power to create legislation on behalf of the president, vice president, and state legislatures. The individual State Legislatures will draught rules governing election procedures for municipalities, panchayats, and other local organisations.


The Supreme Court is the appropriate forum for the resolution of any questions and disagreements relating to the election of the President of India and the Vice-President of India.

The High Court is the first instance of jurisdiction for questions and disagreements relating to elections for positions in State and Federal legislatures. If necessary, there is a clause allowing for an appeal to the Supreme Court.

The lower courts are tasked with resolving conflicts in relation to elections for municipalities and other local bodies in accordance with the regulations passed by the relevant State Government.

Acts and Rules relating to the Election Laws Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act 1952

The Indian Parliament passed this law in preparation for the election of the country’s president and vice president.

Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Rules 1974

The Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act of 1952 has additional rules that are included in this document.

Representation of the People Act 1950

Elections to State Legislatures and to Parliament are governed by this Act. The creation and updating of electoral rolls are covered by this statute.

The Registration of Electors Rules 1960

These rules were developed by the Central Government and the Election Commission in accordance with Section 28 of the Act and add specific regulations to the provisions of this Act. This clause applies to all regulations governing the creation of electoral rolls as well as the regular update and modification of those rolls.

It stipulates that eligible voters must be registered and that electoral identity cards with the voter’s picture on them must be issued. It also specifies the criteria for including eligible voters, excluding ineligible votes and making any necessary changes. These regulations give the Election Commission the authority to create the photo electoral rolls, which will include each voter’s name, picture, and other information.

Representation of the People Act 1951

Elections to State Legislatures and to Parliament are governed by this Act. All post-election concerns, including questions and disagreements relating to the elections or arising from them, shall be resolved in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

The High Court of the relevant State can hear any case. These post-election issues can be brought up following the election, not during it.

Conduct of Elections Rules 1961

The Central Government and the Election Commission created these regulations in accordance with Section 169 of the Act. It covers in-depth guidelines for each step of election administration. It covers the writ notification for elections, the submission of nominations, and the examination of the nominations. It also covers candidates’ withdrawals. These regulations also apply to the casting of ballots and the tabulation of results. Finally, these guidelines also apply to the Houses’ composition based on the findings.

Current Affairs Today’s Headlines – 8Th March 2022

Current Affairs Today's Headlines - 8Th March 2022 2

JKYouth’s Current Affairs Today Section of 8Th March 2022 provides latest and Best Daily Current Affairs 2022 for UPSC, IAS/PCS, Banking, IBPS, SSC, Railway, JKSSBJKPSC, UPPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, TNPSC, MPSC, KPSC and other competition exams.

National News

  • International Women’s Day being observed across the world today to celebrate women and raise awareness to create an inclusive and gender-neutral world.
  • Assam approves replacing paper ballots with EVMs in Guwahati local body polls.
  • Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar to present the state Budget today.
  • Microsoft unveils fourth data centre in India.
  • Russian troops making every effort to evacuate Indian citizens from Sumy, says Putin to PM Narendra Modi.
  • Russia declares ceasefire to conduct a “humanitarian operation” starting from 12:30 pm India time, amid worries of evacuating still stranded Indian students.
  • PM Modi seeks to ‘mediate’ between Putin and Zelenskyy in phone call with them both, urges ‘direct conversation’ to end war.

International News 

  • IBM suspends all its business in Russia.
  •  Russia-Ukraine third round of talks end with no significant results.
  • Hungary offers foreign students affected by Russian military operations to continue studies in Hungary.
  • Russia approves list of ‘unfriendly’ countries and territories, US, UK included in the list.
  • Ukraine moves ICJ seeking immediate suspension of Russian military operations.
  • Ukrainian forces have rtaken Mykolaiv airport, reports The Kyiv Independent quoting regional governor Vitaliy Kim.
  • International Court of Justice holds public hearings in the case concerning “allegations of genocide under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Ukraine v. Russia)” Russia supports IAEA Chief Rafael Grossi’s idea of a trilateral meeting with Ukraine on ensuring the safety of nuclear facilities but not at Chernobyl.

Current Affairs Today – 7 March 2022, for All India Competitive Exams

Current Affairs Today - 7 March 2022, for All India Competitive Exams 3

JKYouth’s Current Affairs Today Section provides latest and Best Daily Current Affairs 2022 for UPSC, IAS/PCS, Banking, IBPS, SSC, Railway, JKSSB, JKPSC, UPPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, TNPSC, MPSC, KPSC and other competition exams.

National News

  • PM Narendra Modi to speak to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy over telephone call today.
  • Harjot Singh, an Indian national who was shot in Kyiv and lost his passport, is scheduled to return to India today. Voting underway for the seventh and final phase of UP Elections 2022 across 54 constituencies in 9 districts, 613 candidates in the fray.
  • PM Modi to address webinar on ‘Financing for growth and aspirational economy’ on March 8.
  • Indian envoy to Palestine Mukul Arya passed away in Ramallah on March 6, 2022. 

International News 

  • Russia has fired 600 missiles and deployed 95% of its amassed troops into Ukraine, as per senior US defense official,
  • Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba signs letters to EU and G7 foreign ministers with a specific list of the sanctions that Ukraine expects “in order to finally pinch the Russian economy and end the war in Ukraine,.”
  • Two Big Four accounting firms KPMG International and Price water house Coopers to suspend operations in Russia and Belarus. 
  • Russian forces restrict access to external communication, block access to mobile networks and internet at Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, claimed the International Atomic Energy Agency on March 6.
  • Netflix suspends services in Russia amid invasion of Ukraine.
  • American Express announces suspension of operations in Russia and Belarus.
  • TikTok suspends live streaming in Russia.
  • Pope Francis appeals for humanitarian corridors to be genuinely secured and for aid to be guaranteed and access facilitated to the besieged areas.
  • US has ‘very credible’ reports of war crimes in Ukraine, possibility of banning Russian oil imports, says US Secretary of State Antony Blinken.
  • French President Emmanuel Macron, Russian President Vladimir Putin hold telephone call lasting 1 hour 45 minutes.
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin claims that Russia’s military operation in Ukraine can be suspended only if Kiev ceases military actions and fulfills Moscow’s demands in a phone conversation with his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
  • The third round of talks between Russian and Ukrainian leaders are planned for today, March 7. 
  • Chinese Rocket Debris Crashes into Moon, creating a 65 feet wide crater on the lunar surface. 
  • Russia detaches its segment from the International Space Station. 

Sports News

  • IPL 2022 to start from March 26 with the first match between Chennai Super Kings and Kolkata Knight Riders at the Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai.
  • India win first Test at Mohali against Sri Lanka by an innings and 222 runs as Sri Lanka got bowled for 178 in 2nd innings, take 1-0 lead in 2-match Test series.
  • MC Mary Kom to skip world championships and Asian Games to make way for the young generation.